Muck Diving

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If ever a pursuit were badly named it must surely be this . So where did this term come from? The term muck diving began appearing in the 1980’s after a group of divers, who were on a liveaboard at anchor at Dinah’s Beach in Papua New Guinea, decided just to throw on their gear and jump in. They were advised against it since they were in a shallow, silty inlet and this wasn’t (then) anything like resembling a “dive site”, but in they went.

The “muck” substrate can be the habitat for unusual, exotic and juvenile organisms that make their homes in the sediment and “trash” that compose a muck dive. The sediment and detritus environment has a different ecology to the reef. Creatures like colorful nudibranchs , anglerfish, shrimp, blue-ringed octopus, and rare pygmy seahorses may be more common, more easily found, or restricted to a sedimentary substrate.

While in Bali, you can visit Secret Bay in the north west, or Seraya’s Secrets off the coast of Tulamben, which enjoys a dark sandy floor .

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muck

Buceo en Lodo.

Si alguna vez alguna actividad fue mal nombrada seguramente debe ser esta. Así que ¿de dónde salio este término ? El termino de “buceo en lodo” comenzó a aparecer en la década de 1980 después de que un grupo de buceadores, que estaban realizando un vida a bordo. Dicidio saltar a bucear y ver que habia donde estaba anclado elbarco en la playa de Dinah en Papua Nueva Guinea. A pesar de que se les desaconsejo realizar el buceo por parte de los guias ya que estaban en una entrada poco profunda con mucho sedimintos, nada parecido a un “sitio de buceo”, los clientos hicieron oidos sordos y saltaron.

El sustrato “lodo” puede ser el hábitat de organismos inusuales, exóticos y juveniles que hacen sus hogares en el sedimento y la “basura” que componen una inmersión en lodo. El entorno de sedimentos y detritos tiene una ecología totalmente diferente al arrecife. Criaturas como nudibranquios , peces rana, gambas, pulpo de anillos azules, y caballitos de mar pueden ser más comunes y más fáciles de encontrar, o incluso esclusivos a este tipo de habitats de sustrato sedimentario.

En Bali, se puede visitar Gilimanuk, Puri Jatih o Secret Seraya entre otros muchos lugares a lo largo de la costa norte. Tambien ultimamente se han descubierto otros puntos de interes para este tipo de buceo en la Costa este y Lembongan.

A que esperas para dart us primeros pasos en el lodo !!!

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Seahorse

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Seahorse is the title given to 55 species of marine fish in the genus Hippocampus. “Hippocampus” comes from the Ancient Greek hippos meaning “horse” and kampos meaning “sea monster”.

Seahorses are mainly found in shallow tropical and temperate waters throughout the world, and prefer to live in sheltered areas such as seagrass beds, estuaries, coral reefs, or mangroves. Seahorses range in size from 0.6 to 14 in (1.5 to 35.5 cm). Although they are bony fish, they do not have scales but rather thin skin stretched over a series of bony plates, which are arranged in rings throughout their body. Each species has a distinct number of rings.

Seahorses swim upright, another characteristic that is not shared by their close pipefish relatives, who swim horizontally. Razorfish are the only other fish that swim vertically like a seahorse. They swim very poorly, rapidly fluttering a dorsal fin and using pectoral fins (located behind their eyes) to steer. Seahorses have no caudal fin. Since they are poor swimmers, they are most likely to be found resting with their prehensile tails wound around a stationary object.

The male seahorse is equipped with a brood pouch on the ventral, or front-facing, side of the tail. When mating, the female seahorse deposits up to 1,500 eggs in the male’s pouch. The male carries the eggs for 9 to 45 days until the seahorses emerge fully developed, but very small. One common misconception about seahorses is that they mate for life. Many species of seahorses form pair bonds that last through at least the breeding season. Some species show a higher level of mate fidelity than others. However, many species readily switch mates when the opportunity arises. H. abdominalis and H. breviceps have been shown to breed in groups, showing no continuous mate preference. Many more species mating habits have not been studied, so it is unknown how many species are actually monogamous, or how long those bonds actually last. Seahorse populations are thought to have been endangered in recent years by overfishing and habitat destruction. The seahorse is used in traditional Chinese herbology, and as many as 20 million seahorses may be caught each year and sold for this purpose. Medicinal seahorses are not readily bred in captivity as they are susceptible to disease, and it is believed that they have different medicinal properties from aquarium seahorses. Seahorses are also used as medicines by the Indonesians, the Central Filipinos, and many other ethnic groups.

Import and export of seahorses has been controlled under CITES since May 15, 2004. However, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, and South Korea have chosen to opt out of the trade rules set by CITES. Read more.

Caballitos de Mar

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Los caballitos de mar o hipocampos (género Hippocampus) constituyen un grupo de peces marinos pertenecientes a la familia Syngnathidae, que también incluye a los peces pipa.

El cuerpo de los caballitos de mar está cubierto por una armadura de placas o anillos de constitución ósea. Su forma de nadar es muy diferente a la de los demás peces. Adoptan una posición erecta, impulsándose con su aleta dorsal. No tienen aleta anal. En su lugar tienen una cola prensil que se enrolla en espiral y les permite aferrarse a tallos y plantas subacuáticas. En esta especie animal es el macho quien se ocupa del desarrollo de los huevos. La hembra usa su ovopositor para insertar los huevos maduros dentro de la bolsa incubadora del macho, en donde son fertilizados. El tamaño de los adultos varía de acuerdo a la especie, desde el más pequeño Hippocampus minotaur que fue descubierto en Australia y mide 15 mm de longitud, hasta el Hippocampus ingens que sobrepasa los 29 cm de longitud. Se distribuyen globalmente en la franja localizada entre ambos trópicos y viven en aguas templadas, siendo en las zonas indo-pacífica y atlántica donde más abundan y su biodiversidad es mayor. Viven entre las algas, manglares y corales.

Existen, en la actualidad, aproximadamente 55 especies conocidas de caballitos de mar. Actualmente sus especies están incluidas en las listas de en peligro de extinción y su comercio se halla regulado por Cites.3 Conviene recordar que se capturan toneladas de caballitos de mar para obtener polvos, de cualidades discutibles, para la farmacopea asiática.4 Leer mas.