MOLA- MOLA, THEY ARE BACK!!

We are so excited this year, seems that our big stars of the season are arriving earlier this year, hope they stay here with Us longer

Mola ramsayi, known commonly as the southern ocean sunfish, southern sunfish . Mola ramsayi has a relatively small mouth and its teeth fused into a parrot-like beak. It can reach up to 3.3 m (11 ft) in length. Their body is flat and round, with large fins that they swish back and forth to propel themselves with as they swim horizontally. Their skin has rough denticles, leathery texture, with brown and gray coloring with pale blotches until death when they turn white.[ Both mola species have no caudal bones, ribs, and pelvic fins and have fused vertebrae, leaving only their median fins to propel themselves. It can be recognized from the Mola mola by their lesser number of ossicles and lacking the vertical band of dentifrices at its base.

They consume a large amount of jellyfish, as they are in vast amounts despite their low nutritional content, but they will also eat brittle stars, small fish, plankton, algae, salps, and mollusks.

Mola ramsayi is found in the southwest Pacific, especially around Australia and New Zealand, and the southeast Pacific around Chile. Its range also extends to the southeast Atlantic near South Africa. This species is found in pelagic-oceanic temperate waters.

During the months of June and October, depending when the water temperature drops, this Amazing creature come to the Nusa Penida & Lembongan reefs to get clean. An unique opportunity to encounter this rare species.

Get your chance to dive with Mola- mola with us and see more here

Mola-mola9

SEAWEED FARM

Seaweed farming is the practice of cultivating and harvesting seaweed. In its simplest form, it consists of the management of naturally found batches. In its most advanced form, it consists of fully controlling the life cycle of the algae. The main food species grown by aquaculture in Japan, China and Korea includeGelidium, Pterocladia,[1]Porphyra,[2]andLaminaria.[3]Seaweed farming has frequently been developed as an alternative to improve economic conditions and to reduce fishing pressure and over exploited fisheries. Seaweeds have been harvested throughout the world as a foods ource as well as an export commodity for production of agar and carrageenan products..Seaweed farming began in Japan as early as 1670 in Tokyo Bay.[2] In autumn of each year, farmers would throw bamboo branches into shallow, muddy water, where the spores of the seaweed would collect. A few weeks later these branches would be moved to a river estuary. The nutrients from  the river would help the seaweed to grow.[2]

In the 1940s, the Japanese improved this method by placing nets of synthetic material tied to bamboo poles. This effectively doubled the production.[2] A cheaper variant of this method is called the hibi method — simple ropes stretched between bamboo poles.

Several environmental problems can result from seaweed farming. Sometimes seaweed farmers cut down mangroves to use as stakes for their ropes. This, however, negatively affects the farming since it reduces the water quality and mangrove biodiversity due to depletion. Farmers may also sometimes remove eelgrass from their farming areas. This, however, is also discouraged, as it adversely affects water quality.[10]

Seaweed farming helps to preserve coral reefs[11] by increasing diversity where The algae and seaweed have been introduced and it also provides added niche for local species of fish and invertebrates. Farming may be beneficial by increasing the production of herbivorous fishes and shellfish in the area.[12]Pollnac et al. (1997b)[13]reported an increase in population after the start of extensive farming of Eucheuma seaweed in villages in North Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Seaweed culture can also be usedto capture, absorb, and eventually incorporate excessive nutrients  into living tissue. “Nutrient bio extraction” is the preferred term for bioremediation involving cultured plants and animals. Nutrient bio extraction (also called bio harvesting) is the practice of farming and harvesting shellfish and seaweed for the purpose of removing nitrogen and other nutrients from natural water bodies.[14] (See main article Nutrientpollution.)

And in Nusa Lembongan and Penida is common to meet these structures are combined with the wonderful scenery along the coast.

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seaweed

CULTIVO DE ALGAS

El cultivo de algas o alguicultura es una forma de acuicultura que se preocupa del cultivo de especies de algas. La mayoría de las algas cultivadas caen dentro de la categoría de microalgas, entre la que se encuentran el fitoplancton, las micrófitas, etc.

Presumiblemente, el primer uso de las algas fue como comida. Un ejemplo es la envoltura del sushi. La industria de gomas marinas o ficocoloides requiere de la producción sostenida de algas marinas, las cuales en su mayoría provienen de granjas en el mar. En las regiones tropicales, el cultivo de algas marinas tiene un gran impacto socioeconómico debido a que genera empleo directo a más de 60 mil familias en el SE de Asia (principalmente Filipinas, Indonesia, Malasia y Vietnam), África Oriental y más recientemente en la India. La principal especie que se cultiva es el alga roja Kappaphycusalvarezii productora de kappa-carragenina, una goma o coloide de amplio uso como estabilizante en la industria de alimentos, cosméticos y medicamentos.

Los métodos y sistemas de cultivo de algas empleados en mar abierto son simples y económicos, ya que no requieren los insumos tradicionales de la agricultura, evitando el uso de fertilizantes y pesticidas. Se usan balsas flotantes de madera y PVC con cuerdas de polipropileno para sujetar los implantes que crecen de manera vegetativa con ciclos de producción que varían entre 4 y 6 semanas, dependiendo de la fertilidad de lugar, la época del año y la cepa utilizada.

Desde el punto de vista ambiental y ecólogico, el cultivo de algas marinas sirve de sustrato y refugio a muchas especies de peces e invertebrados que cumplen parte de su ciclo de vida, las algas además generan oxígeno disuelto aumentando la productividad primaria.

Alrededor de NusaLembongan y Penida es comun encontrarse con estas estructuras que se combinan con el maravilloso paisaje a lo largo de la costa.

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Muck Diving

muck dive

 

If ever a pursuit were badly named it must surely be this . So where did this term come from? The term muck diving began appearing in the 1980’s after a group of divers, who were on a liveaboard at anchor at Dinah’s Beach in Papua New Guinea, decided just to throw on their gear and jump in. They were advised against it since they were in a shallow, silty inlet and this wasn’t (then) anything like resembling a “dive site”, but in they went.

The “muck” substrate can be the habitat for unusual, exotic and juvenile organisms that make their homes in the sediment and “trash” that compose a muck dive. The sediment and detritus environment has a different ecology to the reef. Creatures like colorful nudibranchs , anglerfish, shrimp, blue-ringed octopus, and rare pygmy seahorses may be more common, more easily found, or restricted to a sedimentary substrate.

While in Bali, you can visit Secret Bay in the north west, or Seraya’s Secrets off the coast of Tulamben, which enjoys a dark sandy floor .

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muck

Buceo en Lodo.

Si alguna vez alguna actividad fue mal nombrada seguramente debe ser esta. Así que ¿de dónde salio este término ? El termino de “buceo en lodo” comenzó a aparecer en la década de 1980 después de que un grupo de buceadores, que estaban realizando un vida a bordo. Dicidio saltar a bucear y ver que habia donde estaba anclado elbarco en la playa de Dinah en Papua Nueva Guinea. A pesar de que se les desaconsejo realizar el buceo por parte de los guias ya que estaban en una entrada poco profunda con mucho sedimintos, nada parecido a un “sitio de buceo”, los clientos hicieron oidos sordos y saltaron.

El sustrato “lodo” puede ser el hábitat de organismos inusuales, exóticos y juveniles que hacen sus hogares en el sedimento y la “basura” que componen una inmersión en lodo. El entorno de sedimentos y detritos tiene una ecología totalmente diferente al arrecife. Criaturas como nudibranquios , peces rana, gambas, pulpo de anillos azules, y caballitos de mar pueden ser más comunes y más fáciles de encontrar, o incluso esclusivos a este tipo de habitats de sustrato sedimentario.

En Bali, se puede visitar Gilimanuk, Puri Jatih o Secret Seraya entre otros muchos lugares a lo largo de la costa norte. Tambien ultimamente se han descubierto otros puntos de interes para este tipo de buceo en la Costa este y Lembongan.

A que esperas para dart us primeros pasos en el lodo !!!

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