SEAWEED FARM

Seaweed farming is the practice of cultivating and harvesting seaweed. In its simplest form, it consists of the management of naturally found batches. In its most advanced form, it consists of fully controlling the life cycle of the algae. The main food species grown by aquaculture in Japan, China and Korea includeGelidium, Pterocladia,[1]Porphyra,[2]andLaminaria.[3]Seaweed farming has frequently been developed as an alternative to improve economic conditions and to reduce fishing pressure and over exploited fisheries. Seaweeds have been harvested throughout the world as a foods ource as well as an export commodity for production of agar and carrageenan products..Seaweed farming began in Japan as early as 1670 in Tokyo Bay.[2] In autumn of each year, farmers would throw bamboo branches into shallow, muddy water, where the spores of the seaweed would collect. A few weeks later these branches would be moved to a river estuary. The nutrients from  the river would help the seaweed to grow.[2]

In the 1940s, the Japanese improved this method by placing nets of synthetic material tied to bamboo poles. This effectively doubled the production.[2] A cheaper variant of this method is called the hibi method — simple ropes stretched between bamboo poles.

Several environmental problems can result from seaweed farming. Sometimes seaweed farmers cut down mangroves to use as stakes for their ropes. This, however, negatively affects the farming since it reduces the water quality and mangrove biodiversity due to depletion. Farmers may also sometimes remove eelgrass from their farming areas. This, however, is also discouraged, as it adversely affects water quality.[10]

Seaweed farming helps to preserve coral reefs[11] by increasing diversity where The algae and seaweed have been introduced and it also provides added niche for local species of fish and invertebrates. Farming may be beneficial by increasing the production of herbivorous fishes and shellfish in the area.[12]Pollnac et al. (1997b)[13]reported an increase in population after the start of extensive farming of Eucheuma seaweed in villages in North Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Seaweed culture can also be usedto capture, absorb, and eventually incorporate excessive nutrients  into living tissue. “Nutrient bio extraction” is the preferred term for bioremediation involving cultured plants and animals. Nutrient bio extraction (also called bio harvesting) is the practice of farming and harvesting shellfish and seaweed for the purpose of removing nitrogen and other nutrients from natural water bodies.[14] (See main article Nutrientpollution.)

And in Nusa Lembongan and Penida is common to meet these structures are combined with the wonderful scenery along the coast.

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seaweed

CULTIVO DE ALGAS

El cultivo de algas o alguicultura es una forma de acuicultura que se preocupa del cultivo de especies de algas. La mayoría de las algas cultivadas caen dentro de la categoría de microalgas, entre la que se encuentran el fitoplancton, las micrófitas, etc.

Presumiblemente, el primer uso de las algas fue como comida. Un ejemplo es la envoltura del sushi. La industria de gomas marinas o ficocoloides requiere de la producción sostenida de algas marinas, las cuales en su mayoría provienen de granjas en el mar. En las regiones tropicales, el cultivo de algas marinas tiene un gran impacto socioeconómico debido a que genera empleo directo a más de 60 mil familias en el SE de Asia (principalmente Filipinas, Indonesia, Malasia y Vietnam), África Oriental y más recientemente en la India. La principal especie que se cultiva es el alga roja Kappaphycusalvarezii productora de kappa-carragenina, una goma o coloide de amplio uso como estabilizante en la industria de alimentos, cosméticos y medicamentos.

Los métodos y sistemas de cultivo de algas empleados en mar abierto son simples y económicos, ya que no requieren los insumos tradicionales de la agricultura, evitando el uso de fertilizantes y pesticidas. Se usan balsas flotantes de madera y PVC con cuerdas de polipropileno para sujetar los implantes que crecen de manera vegetativa con ciclos de producción que varían entre 4 y 6 semanas, dependiendo de la fertilidad de lugar, la época del año y la cepa utilizada.

Desde el punto de vista ambiental y ecólogico, el cultivo de algas marinas sirve de sustrato y refugio a muchas especies de peces e invertebrados que cumplen parte de su ciclo de vida, las algas además generan oxígeno disuelto aumentando la productividad primaria.

Alrededor de NusaLembongan y Penida es comun encontrarse con estas estructuras que se combinan con el maravilloso paisaje a lo largo de la costa.

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RAMADAN

According to the statement from the Indonesian Ministry of Religion ,Ramadan, the holly month of Islam , is started in the 29th of June .

During the month of Ramadhan, Muslims must refrain from eating, drinking, smoking, marital relations or getting angry from dawn to dusk. In addition, those fasting are supposed to refrain from bad habits – lying, getting angry, using bad language as well as to be more diligent in prayer and give to charities. It is believe that fasting heightens spirituality and develops self-control.Fasting during the month of Ramadhan is one of the five pillars of Islam and an obligation for devout Muslims.

But of course there are lines between the one who expected to do the fasting and not. Those who are expected to fast include: adults (defined as those who have reached the age of puberty) and those who are sane. Those who are not expected to fast include: children, women having their period, travelers, the sick, those with long-term illnesses, pregnant or breastfeeding women and the mentally ill.

During the month, its common to find charity event in mosque in terms of breaking the fast together.

Read more about Ramadan in Indonesia here

 

breaking fast

      RAMADAN

Según el boletin oficial del Ministerio de Religión de Indonesia, el Ramadán, el mes del ayuno del Islam, este año se inició en el 29 de junio.

Durante el mes de Ramadán, los musulmanes deben abstenerse de comer, beber, fumar, tener relaciones sexueles o enojarse desde el amanecer hasta el anochecer. Además, los que ayunan se deben limpiar de malos hábitos evitando, enojarse, usar malas palabras. Se cree que el ayuno aumenta la espiritualidad y desarrolla el auto-control. El mes de Ramadán es uno de los cinco pilares del Islam y una obligación para los musulmanes devotos.

Pero por supuesto hay excepciones : Niños, mujeres con el periodo, viajeros, enfermos y mujeres embarazadas o lactantes.

Lea más sobre el Ramadán en Indonesia aquí

 

Understanding Bali Culture

Galungan & Kuningan is around the corner .

Every 210 days the whole island of Bali sprouts flimsy bamboo poles, known as “penjor,” an unmistakable sign that Galungan fever is just about to kick in. Adorned with fruit, flowers and coconut leaves, these tall poles are found on every byway and highway and outside virtually every Balinese home, fluttering aimlessly in the breeze.

Galungan is a unique 10 day celebration commemorating good over evil in typically melodramatic style. Balinese mythology is colorful to say the least and the story behind Galungan takes it to a whole new level. Briefly, it involves a shape-shifting evil giant, rivers of blood and a year-long battle royal between the Gods. During Galungan the Godly spirits return to earth and expect to be welcomed and entertained with important Balinese rituals and extravagant feasts.

Kuningan is the final day of the festival which brings proceedings to a close. It is all a much regimented occasion where every member of the household has specific tasks to perform and dressed in their “Sunday best” finery

Find out more about this event  in here

penjor2

 

Galungan esta a la vuelta de la esquina

Cada 210 días toda la isla de Bali se llena de preciosos postes de bambú , conocidos como ” Penjor “, es la señal inequívoca de que la fiebre de Galungan está a punto de comenzar. Adornado con frutas, flores y hojas de coco , estos postes altos se encuentran en cada desvío y carretera y fuera de prácticamente todos los hogares de Bali , revoloteando sin rumbo en la brisa.

Galungan es una celebración única de 10 días que conmemora la victoria de el bien sobre el mal en típico estilo melodramático. Mitología balinesa, colorida por decir algo, difícil de entender a los ojos del visitante. La historia detrás de Galungan lleva a un nivel completamente nuevo. En pocas palabras, se trata de un malvado gigante que cambia de forma , ríos de sangre y una batalla de un año entre los dioses . Durante Galungan los espíritus divinos regresan a la tierra y esperan ser acogidos y entretenidos con importantes rituales balineses y fiestas extravagantes.

Kuningan es el último día del festival, donde los espiritus y ancestros son despedidos hasta la proxima ! Es todo una ocasión festiva y de regocijo, donde cada miembro de la familia tiene tareas específicas a realizar y se viste con sus mejores galas

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