MOLA- MOLA, THEY ARE BACK!!

We are so excited this year, seems that our big stars of the season are arriving earlier this year, hope they stay here with Us longer

Mola ramsayi, known commonly as the southern ocean sunfish, southern sunfish . Mola ramsayi has a relatively small mouth and its teeth fused into a parrot-like beak. It can reach up to 3.3 m (11 ft) in length. Their body is flat and round, with large fins that they swish back and forth to propel themselves with as they swim horizontally. Their skin has rough denticles, leathery texture, with brown and gray coloring with pale blotches until death when they turn white.[ Both mola species have no caudal bones, ribs, and pelvic fins and have fused vertebrae, leaving only their median fins to propel themselves. It can be recognized from the Mola mola by their lesser number of ossicles and lacking the vertical band of dentifrices at its base.

They consume a large amount of jellyfish, as they are in vast amounts despite their low nutritional content, but they will also eat brittle stars, small fish, plankton, algae, salps, and mollusks.

Mola ramsayi is found in the southwest Pacific, especially around Australia and New Zealand, and the southeast Pacific around Chile. Its range also extends to the southeast Atlantic near South Africa. This species is found in pelagic-oceanic temperate waters.

During the months of June and October, depending when the water temperature drops, this Amazing creature come to the Nusa Penida & Lembongan reefs to get clean. An unique opportunity to encounter this rare species.

Get your chance to dive with Mola- mola with us and see more here

Mola-mola9

Frogfishes

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family Antennariidae, are a type of anglerfish in the order Lophiiformes. They are known as anglerfishes in Australia, where ‘frogfish’ refers to a different type of fish. Frogfishes are found in almost all tropical and subtropical oceans and seas around the world, the primary exception being the Mediterranean Sea.

Frogfish have a stocky appearance, atypical of fish. Ranging from 2.5–38 cm (1-15 inches) long, their plump, high-backed, non-streamlined body is scaleless and bare, often covered with bumpy, bifurcated spinules.

The unusual appearance of the frogfish is designed to conceal it from predators and sometimes to mimic a potential meal to its prey. In ethology, the study of animal behavior, this is known as aggressive mimicry. Their unusual shape, color, and skin textures disguise frogfish. Some resemble stones or coral while others imitate sponges, or sea squirts with dark splotches instead of holes. Frogfish generally do not move very much, preferring to lie on the sea floor and wait for prey to approach. Once the prey is spotted, they can approach slowly using their pectoral and pelvic fins to walk along the floor

read more in here.

Start your diving adventure to find this beautiful rare and endangered fish in Bali with us, get more info in here.

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SPANISH. PEZ RANA

os ranisapos o peces sapo son la familia Antennariidae. Se encuentran en océanos y mares tropicales, excepto el Mediterráneo.1

Los nombres vernáculos de las especies hacen referencia al uso del apéndice antena para atraer a sus presas. Así, en algunos lugares son llamados «pescador» pues lo usan a modo de caña de pescar, mientras que en la costa pacífica de América del Sur son llamados «zanahoria», en alusión a las zanahorias que se hacían colgar al final de un palo delante de un caballo o burro para hacerles caminar intentando atraparla.

Están muy bien camuflados posados sobre el fondo marino, empleando la primera espina dorsal como una mosca para atraer presas.

Leer mas aqui.

EN LAS AGUAS BALINESAS ES POSIBLE ENCONTRAR ESTE CURIOSO EJEMPLAR, SIENDO MAS COMUN EN LA ZONA NORTE, TAMBIEN ES POSIBLE VERLOS EN PADANGBAI DONDE SE ENCUENTRA UNOS DE LOS MEJORES Y MAS SORPRENDENTES BUCEOS PARA LOS AMANTES DEL MACRO. PARA MAS INFORMACION CONTACTA CON NOSOTROS aqui.

Seahorse

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Seahorse is the title given to 55 species of marine fish in the genus Hippocampus. “Hippocampus” comes from the Ancient Greek hippos meaning “horse” and kampos meaning “sea monster”.

Seahorses are mainly found in shallow tropical and temperate waters throughout the world, and prefer to live in sheltered areas such as seagrass beds, estuaries, coral reefs, or mangroves. Seahorses range in size from 0.6 to 14 in (1.5 to 35.5 cm). Although they are bony fish, they do not have scales but rather thin skin stretched over a series of bony plates, which are arranged in rings throughout their body. Each species has a distinct number of rings.

Seahorses swim upright, another characteristic that is not shared by their close pipefish relatives, who swim horizontally. Razorfish are the only other fish that swim vertically like a seahorse. They swim very poorly, rapidly fluttering a dorsal fin and using pectoral fins (located behind their eyes) to steer. Seahorses have no caudal fin. Since they are poor swimmers, they are most likely to be found resting with their prehensile tails wound around a stationary object.

The male seahorse is equipped with a brood pouch on the ventral, or front-facing, side of the tail. When mating, the female seahorse deposits up to 1,500 eggs in the male’s pouch. The male carries the eggs for 9 to 45 days until the seahorses emerge fully developed, but very small. One common misconception about seahorses is that they mate for life. Many species of seahorses form pair bonds that last through at least the breeding season. Some species show a higher level of mate fidelity than others. However, many species readily switch mates when the opportunity arises. H. abdominalis and H. breviceps have been shown to breed in groups, showing no continuous mate preference. Many more species mating habits have not been studied, so it is unknown how many species are actually monogamous, or how long those bonds actually last. Seahorse populations are thought to have been endangered in recent years by overfishing and habitat destruction. The seahorse is used in traditional Chinese herbology, and as many as 20 million seahorses may be caught each year and sold for this purpose. Medicinal seahorses are not readily bred in captivity as they are susceptible to disease, and it is believed that they have different medicinal properties from aquarium seahorses. Seahorses are also used as medicines by the Indonesians, the Central Filipinos, and many other ethnic groups.

Import and export of seahorses has been controlled under CITES since May 15, 2004. However, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, and South Korea have chosen to opt out of the trade rules set by CITES. Read more.

Caballitos de Mar

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Los caballitos de mar o hipocampos (género Hippocampus) constituyen un grupo de peces marinos pertenecientes a la familia Syngnathidae, que también incluye a los peces pipa.

El cuerpo de los caballitos de mar está cubierto por una armadura de placas o anillos de constitución ósea. Su forma de nadar es muy diferente a la de los demás peces. Adoptan una posición erecta, impulsándose con su aleta dorsal. No tienen aleta anal. En su lugar tienen una cola prensil que se enrolla en espiral y les permite aferrarse a tallos y plantas subacuáticas. En esta especie animal es el macho quien se ocupa del desarrollo de los huevos. La hembra usa su ovopositor para insertar los huevos maduros dentro de la bolsa incubadora del macho, en donde son fertilizados. El tamaño de los adultos varía de acuerdo a la especie, desde el más pequeño Hippocampus minotaur que fue descubierto en Australia y mide 15 mm de longitud, hasta el Hippocampus ingens que sobrepasa los 29 cm de longitud. Se distribuyen globalmente en la franja localizada entre ambos trópicos y viven en aguas templadas, siendo en las zonas indo-pacífica y atlántica donde más abundan y su biodiversidad es mayor. Viven entre las algas, manglares y corales.

Existen, en la actualidad, aproximadamente 55 especies conocidas de caballitos de mar. Actualmente sus especies están incluidas en las listas de en peligro de extinción y su comercio se halla regulado por Cites.3 Conviene recordar que se capturan toneladas de caballitos de mar para obtener polvos, de cualidades discutibles, para la farmacopea asiática.4 Leer mas.

Manta Rays

The genus Manta contains two species of manta rays: the Reef Manta Ray (Manta alfredi) and the Giant Oceanic Manta Ray (Manta birostris),[3] which are the largest species of the rays in the family Mobulidae, and the largest rays in the world. Oceanic mantas reach at least 7 metres (23 ft) in width and there are anecdotal reports of even larger specimens, while reef mantas reach about 5.5 metres (18 ft) in width. Manta rays are circumglobal and are typically found in tropical and subtropical waters, although oceanic manta rays can be found in temperate Waters. Most sharks, rays and skates (Elasmobranchii) have small brain-to-body ratios, but the ratio is relatively high in manta rays and the closely related Mobula rays.

Manta rays are bottom feeders and filter feeders. Mantas feed on plankton, fish larvae and the like that they strain from the water passing through their mouths and out of their gills as they swim. They catch their prey on gill rakers, flat plates of russet-colored spongy tissue spanning spaces between the manta’s gill bars. An average-sized manta is estimated to consume 20–30 kilograms (44–66 lb) of plankton per day.

Manta rays frequently visit cleaning stations where small fish such as wrasse, remora, and angelfish swim in the manta’s gills and over its skin to feed, in the process cleaning it of parasites and dead tissue. Like other species in the shark family they must swim to keep from sinking, so their stay at a cleaning station is characterised by slow circuits.

Mantas sometimes breach the surface, launching themselves into the air.

Learn more in here.

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Manta Raya.

La mantarraya o manta gigante (Manta birostris) es una especie de elasmobranquio del orden Rajiformes. A diferencia de otras especies del orden, la mantarraya carece de aguijón venenoso en la cola. Es la más grande de las rayas y puede llegar a medir 8,4 metros de envergadura y pesar alrededor de 1.400 kilogramos. Habitan en mares de aguas templadas de todo el mundo; se alimentan de plancton, peces pequeños y calamares. Generalmente, al igual que los tiburones, tienen peces limpiadores o rémoras oportunistas pegadas a la parte inferior, que buscan las sobras que quedan de su alimentación y también buscan protección.

Al igual que los tiburones o delfines, realizan saltos fuera del agua.

Las razones por las que hacen esto podrían ser: como método de huida ante sus predadores, para quitarse ellas mismas los parásitos, para comunicarse con otras rayas (el ruido provocado al chocar contra la superficie del agua se puede oír y ver desde varios kilómetros de distancia). Los machos podrían hacerlo también como parte del cortejo, para demostrar su fortaleza o quizás sea simplemente una forma de juego.

Más información aquí.