Frogfishes

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family Antennariidae, are a type of anglerfish in the order Lophiiformes. They are known as anglerfishes in Australia, where ‘frogfish’ refers to a different type of fish. Frogfishes are found in almost all tropical and subtropical oceans and seas around the world, the primary exception being the Mediterranean Sea.

Frogfish have a stocky appearance, atypical of fish. Ranging from 2.5–38 cm (1-15 inches) long, their plump, high-backed, non-streamlined body is scaleless and bare, often covered with bumpy, bifurcated spinules.

The unusual appearance of the frogfish is designed to conceal it from predators and sometimes to mimic a potential meal to its prey. In ethology, the study of animal behavior, this is known as aggressive mimicry. Their unusual shape, color, and skin textures disguise frogfish. Some resemble stones or coral while others imitate sponges, or sea squirts with dark splotches instead of holes. Frogfish generally do not move very much, preferring to lie on the sea floor and wait for prey to approach. Once the prey is spotted, they can approach slowly using their pectoral and pelvic fins to walk along the floor

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SPANISH. PEZ RANA

os ranisapos o peces sapo son la familia Antennariidae. Se encuentran en océanos y mares tropicales, excepto el Mediterráneo.1

Los nombres vernáculos de las especies hacen referencia al uso del apéndice antena para atraer a sus presas. Así, en algunos lugares son llamados «pescador» pues lo usan a modo de caña de pescar, mientras que en la costa pacífica de América del Sur son llamados «zanahoria», en alusión a las zanahorias que se hacían colgar al final de un palo delante de un caballo o burro para hacerles caminar intentando atraparla.

Están muy bien camuflados posados sobre el fondo marino, empleando la primera espina dorsal como una mosca para atraer presas.

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